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Hitler Youth

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 1994.121.1 | RG Number: RG-60.1203 | Film ID: 984

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    Hitler Youth


    The fifteen-year-old Johannes von Redel returns to his father's rural estate in Prussia after his mother dies. Johannes lived with his mother for ten years in Argentina, where he is portrayed as an urban, decadent, and fastidious Auslandsdeutscher [German living abroad] alienated from his German roots. After encountering trouble with his father, he enters a "Napola" [Nazi elite boarding school] where fellow students ridicule his alien customs and behavior. It is only after accomplishing a heroic deed during a military summer drill that he gains the comradeship of the elite pupils and is incorporated back into the Volksgemeinschaft [ethnic-racial community].

    In the late 1930s, the Nazis increased efforts to persuade Germans living abroad to return to Germany or at least to reject the corrupt alien culture surrounding them abroad. This film propagates the Nazi idea that assimilation diminishes the superior quality of German blood when it is removed from the strengthening environment of its people. Furthermore, "Kopf hoch Johannes!" illustrates the superior Nazi teaching methods of command and obedience practiced in sport and military exercises that foster comradeship and heroism. As an advertising effort for Nazi boarding schools, most of the film was shot in the model-school of Oranientein near Diez. Goebbels strongly believed in the merits of such movies for educating and agitating the youth. This Staatsautragsfilm [film commissioned by the state] passed censorship on February 5, 1941 and premiered March 11, 1941.
    Production:  1941
    Accessed at United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Library of Congress
    Director: Viktor de Kowa
    Script Contributor: T. Huppertz
    Script Contributor: W. Krug
    Script Contributor: F. von Eckardt
    Producer: Majestic Film
    Music: Harald Boehmelt
    Camera Operator: Friedl Behn-Grund

    Physical Details

    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    16:01:11:00 to 16:37:33:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 984 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Master 984 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Master 984 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Master 984 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
    • Preservation
    • Preservation 984 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 984 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 984 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 984 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing station. There are no additional access restrictions to this material.
    Federal Republic of Germany. Bundesarchiv.
    Conditions on Use
    Researchers who wish to use this footage should contact the Bundesarchiv Filmarchiv at to sign a release, or submit the online request form at:

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum purchased the films from the Library of Congress in October 1994.
    Released by Tobis.
    Cast: Claus Detlef Sierck; Albrecht Schoenhals; Karl Dannemann; Karl Fochler; Otto Gebuehr; Gunnar Moeller; Leo Peukert; Renee Stobrawa; Rudolf Vones; Dorothea Wieck; Hans Zesch-Ballot; Volker von Collande; Eduard von Winterstein.

    See Film and Video departmental files for additional documentation and a summary of the film. See also Story 1204, Film ID 985 for the continuation of this film.
    Copied From
    16mm; b/w
    Film Source
    Library of Congress - Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division (MBRS)
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 2586
    Source Archive Number: FDA 0411
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 08:03:27
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