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Train station in Humenne; village square

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 1991.249.1 | RG Number: RG-60.0838 | Film ID: 2989

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    Train station in Humenne; village square


    Reel 5. Brief pan of Budapest (gray, repeated in RG-60.1451). Intertitle: "Humenne -- My Home Town, A Typical Slovakia Village." Trains, people board and deboard. Train station. Boy on peasant cart with cows and a wagon in the main square of Humenne. People gathered in the town square for market days (on Mondays and Fridays). Lots of people, carts, wagons, activity, shops, and houses in BG. Hotel, pan through marketplace. Peasants selling boots, coffee house, man with bales of hay. Horses. People and shops on square. Tea house. Carts with a wagon (possibly with Hermann Klein on board). Horse pulling cart. Automobiles in BG. Men talking.
    Event:  1932
    Humenne, Slovakia
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Bernard and Emery Klein
    Camera Operator: Louis Sommer
    Subject: Harry Sommer
    Subject: Bernard Klein
    Subject: Emery Klein
    Louis Sommer was born in Izbugya, Hungary and emigrated to the United States in 1899. He settled in Omaha, Nebraska where he owned a grocery business at the intersection of Dodge Street and 49th Street. Louis and his brother Harry visited their father Barnath and extended family and friends in Humenne, Slovakia in March 1932. They recorded Jewish families and businesses with a movie camera.
    Bernard and Emery Klein were born in Humenné, Slovakia. They had a younger sister, Judith (b. 1933); their mother was Jacob Grossman's sister; their father, Hermann Klein, owned a kosher and non-kosher meat market, farm and brick manufacturing company in Humenné. The Germans occupied the area in 1939 and started to deport the Jews in 1941. The Klein family was not deported until 1944 because Mr. Klein was an important farming advisor. The family was sent to Auschwitz without Bernard, who had become separated. Mrs. Klein and her daughter were immediately gassed upon arrival at the camp. Bernard was reunited with his brother and father at Auschwitz a month later. The three were sent to Gleiwitz where Emery and his father worked in a factory while Bernard worked in the concentration camp kitchen. In 1945, as the Russian army advanced into the area, the camp was evacuated to Blechhammer, another camp in the vicinity. The German guards fled the camp, leaving the prisoners. A few days later, the brothers, their father and several others began walking back to Humenné. The Klein family moved to Israel, Montreal, and eventually to Detroit, Michigan. Their cousin, Ladislav Grossman, also survived; he is the author of the award-winning film, "A Shop on Main Street" (1965).

    Physical Details

    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    02:04:34:00 to 02:06:36:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 2989 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small
      Master 2989 Film: positive - 16 mm
      Master 2989 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small
      Master 2989 Film: positive - 16 mm
      Master 2989 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small
      Master 2989 Film: positive - 16 mm
      Master 2989 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small
      Master 2989 Film: positive - 16 mm
    • Preservation
    • Preservation 2989 Video: DVD - NTSC
      Preservation 2989 Video: DVD - NTSC
      Preservation 2989 Video: DVD - NTSC
      Preservation 2989 Video: DVD - NTSC
    • User
    • User 2989 Video: DVD
      User 2989 Video: DVD
      User 2989 Video: DVD
      User 2989 Video: DVD

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Emery Klein, Bernard Klein
    Conditions on Use
    The Museum does not own the copyright for this material and does not have authority to authorize third party use. Researchers must contact the Klein family (Ron Klein) for permission to reproduce or use this film footage in a production.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    The five 16mm films were recorded by Louis and Harry Sommer when they visited their family Houmena (Humenne), Slovakia from Omaha, Nebraska in March 1932. Bernard and Emery Klein rescued the decaying films from their cousin, Beatrice Sommer, in the 1950s. The Kleins signed a release for the footage, ca. 1987, to The University of Michigan-Dearborn. Sidney Bolkosky at the University of Michigan-Dearborn sent a viewing copy to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in August 1991. The Kleins donated the original 16mm films to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2012.
    For more information, review the Oral History with Bernard and Emery Klein from May 23, 1984 at or RG-50.155*0228.

    Refer also to the Washington Post article on the first transport to Auschwitz with teenage girls from Humenne, including Edith Friedman Grosman:

    The five original film reels are labeled: (1) Around Before LS Europe Trip (Film ID 2988); (2) My Trip to Europe - March 29, 1932 (Film ID 412.1); (3) My Trip to Europe Continued (Film ID 412.2); (4) My Trip to Europe Continued (Film ID 413); (5) Louis Sommer's Family Abroad (Film ID 2989).
    Film Source
    Bernard Klein
    Emery Klein
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 2792
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 08:05:55
    This page:

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