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Kyiv surrender

Film | Accession Number: 2001.355.1 | RG Number: RG-60.3127 | Film ID: 2488

Women with shovels, working, men erecting barricades and makeshift fortifications. VS of soldiers working. A newspaper headline reads: "The Fascists shall not be allowed to take the capital of Soviet Ukraine. Everything for the defense of our home, of all we love!" A sign (possibly at a movie theater) reads "Showing: Reports from the Front of the Patriotic War". People stand in street, looking at the sky. German planes. Soviet guns aimed at the sky. Another intertitle reads "Helios Pavlovich Myhailyuk: a participant in the defense of Kiev". Street life. It would seem that this footage was intended to show that life goes on in Kiev even in the middle of war: there is a advertisements for the circus, for the theater (the signs are in Russian, Ukrainian, and Yiddish). One of the circus advertisements reads: "Soon: The opening of the winter season of the Kiev State Circus, 4 Sept. 1941", indicating that this footage was probably taken during the autumn of 1941. People walk about the park, two elderly Jews on a bench converse, a young couple on another bench talks, children in a playground go down a slide and frolic, dance in a circle. Elderly peasant woman walking. Testimony of survivors of Babi Yar.

Translation of Ukrainian narration, with Russian spoken by the witnesses:
[The narration begins with a story about Hitler's plan concerning Kyiv.] According to his plan Kyiv had to be seized in three weeks after the outbreak of war. On July 15th Hitler planned to have a military parade in the city, and many guests were invited.

The voice of a witness (Helios Pavlovych Myhailyuk - a Red Army soldier, Kyiv defender): "During one of the attacks on the city a German plane dropped a sack..." [Story stops here]

[Narration proceeds.] During the prewar years the Soviet propaganda kept silent on Nazi anti-Semitism. Why did they keep it a secret during the war? They [the Soviet officials] didn't say that the fascists' paths were measured by Jews' blood, but by kilometers. Perhaps it happened because both Stalin and Hitler had the same opinion of Jews.

[Narration is interrupted by a woman's voice (Galyna Matviivna Motuzova)], "We had no idea..."

[Narration proceeds.] The city was doomed, but Stalin refused to listen to anyone who would offer to surrender.

Kiev, Soviet Union
Accessed at US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Central State Film, Photo & Sound Archives
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Record last modified: 2018-11-27 11:01:02
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