White wooden crucifix (grave marker) in a wide open field. A horse and plow move through BG. VS, wide angle and CU of Dubno prison. Four old women, sitting on a cement floor sorting through bits of rags. Dissolves into scene in a factory, several looms at work. Men operating the machines. VS pulleys, CU men at the machines. VS workers and peasants at work, in tattered clothing, MS and CU men, women and children standing around a sign, they are very poor. Children look directly at the camera. LS, across the lake of a chateau.
Translation of Russian narration with Ukrainian citation at beginning:
This is a Polish factory. I'm sorry: this isn't a factory, but a prison. There were 187 prisons built in Western Ukraine only. Poland held the first place in Europe considering the number of its prisons.
This is a textile factory in Bialystok. Believe it or not [Narrator quotes from a Polish newspaper]: "We should drown these people in blood, otherwise they will seize some of our provinces. Terror must be used against this population. Terror from top to bottom, so that their blood will freeze in their veins," Polish newspaper "Rech Pospolyta" writes after numerous revolts of Western Ukrainian and Belarus workers. People escaped into woods and mountains. Many villages were burned; many people were killed and tortured in prisons and camps, so much blood...
This is the Polish town Boreslav [now it belongs to Ukraine]. Who would believe this is a modern way of producing oil in Europe? The Polish barons took the best enterprises to Poland.
The great Ukrainian poet-democrat Ivan Franko was born here. The Ukrainian language has been suppressed. Schools have been shut down. Lvov University has been "Polonized". Even the title "Western Ukraine" has been prohibited.
- Accessed at US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Central State Film, Photo & Sound Archives
Record last modified: 2020-02-04 10:39:53
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