Agro-Joint activity in Russia, Morris Troper's 1936 trip
- Event Date
Simferopol, Soviet Union
Pervomaysk, Soviet Union
Kalininsk, Soviet Union
Jankoi, Soviet Union
- US Holocaust Memorial Museum, gift of Betty Troper Yager
Morris Troper arrives in Simpferopol and enters a building with a sign reading "American Jewish Joint, Agricultural Corporation." Mr. Zaichek, the chief agronom, shows Troper the route he will travel on a map. He leaves for Jonkoi in a car. MS, Mr. Zaichek's son. MS, cow.
01:02:19 Pervomaysk colony. Pan, LS village with little white houses, farming. MCU, man with white beard and glasses. Man exits house, chickens, walking towards camera. CU, man. LS Modern school in Kalininsk.
01:04:27 Maxim Gorky colony. Pan, bare-chested boys, smiling for camera. LS, women bake bread in an outdoor oven. Herding sheep. Pan of commune. MCU, man with dowel, learning how to create a tool. Tractor. Men entering house in what appears to be another village. Looking at sign. HAS, village with white houses. Construction.
01:06:53 Panning shots of a Tartar settlement, passed on the way to Troper's next destination. Troper inspects glassmaking tools and equipment at the Biukonnlar colony. Shots of a combine or other farming equipment.
01:08:32 Jankoi, USSR. Men pull a large diameter pipe with a tractor. The directory of a factory, Mr. Rappaport, shows Troper the work tags of the factory employees. CU on factory guard. Slow pan of buildings and construction equipment.
Record last modified: 2018-03-07 13:54:34
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Also in Morris Troper Film Collection
Film regarding Agro-Joint activity in Russia in 1936, created by Morris Troper for the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee.
Rolling titles describe development of Agro-Joint by JDC in 1924 and of assistance given to Jews with the cooperation of the Russian government. MS of Dr. Joseph Rosen, Director of Agro-Joint, Dr. Grower, Dr. Yefim Lubarsky, Vice-President of the Agro-Joint, and Morris C. Troper, European Director of the JDC. More titles state that the Agro-Joint acted as the operating agent of the American Society for Jewish Farm Settlement in Russia. The president of this organization was James Rosenberg, and Paul Baerwald was the treasurer. Photos of Rosenberg, Felix Warburg, and Baerwald and a photo of Julius Rosenwald. Activities of Agro-Joint depicted with small map and illustrations.
CU of a plane ticket, dated 1936. Plane takes off. Map of Crimea. Morris Troper is shown arriving in Simferopol. Intertitles describe Troper's activities. He leaves for a trip to Jonkoi via car with Mr. Zaichek, the chief agronom.
Intertitle describes the first stop, which was the colony of Pervomaysk, which is one of 216 such colonies and consists of 216 families. Pan of Pervomaysk. LS of several houses, horse pulling wagon in FG. S of long low building and silo structures. CU of older man with beard cap and glasses with family. Isaac Jacobson, president of the Kolkhoz (colony) walks toward the camera. LS new home being built with brick. Stables are separated from homes. LS Modern school house in Kalininsk. LS looking back at local houses.
MCU of boys and girls of Maxim Gorky Colony, most boys wearing no shirts. LS of electrified pumping station. Two women baking bread at outdoor oven, taking out loaves. LS of flock of sheep, shepherd and young boys. LS of solid large long buildings, perhaps workshops or stables. Intertitles provide statistics and further information about the scenes.
LS of building structures in Tartar settlement, passed on the way to the group's next stop. The intertitle points out how "backward" the colony is in comparison to the modern settlements. LS of group of Tartars standing in front of a cottage. At the Biukonnlar Colony, Morris Troper stands beside a glass blower and inspects glassmaking tools. Four such glass blowing factories were organized by the Agro-Joint in 1933.
MS of big tractor combine at work, quick shot of tractor pulling a large pipe at Jankoi, then well-edited footage of harvesting (which may have been acquired and cut into this film). Shots of machines and people, field of waving grain. Good shots of men marching with scythes. HA of a large number of people gathering sheaves of wheat. Rolling combine blades move towards the camera. Threshing process and machines doing work. MCU of men taking off overalls and lined up at entryway. A tractor pulls railcars into position to be loaded with grain.
MS, tractor pulling large diameter pipe as men watch. The director of factory, Mr. Rappaport, shows Morris Troper the working tags of the employees. CU of the guard who stands at the entrance to the factory. Slow pan of the grounds and buildings of the factory. LS of bare-chested men digging a building foundation? LS Jewish worker repairing a well-shaft pipe. MS and CU of Jewish worker as they repair a tractor. MS of two vounteer firemen in white caps with their equipment.
Factory interiors, generally very dark. Light comes in though windows of a long room. Dark shots in a blacksmith shop as man demonstrates the use of a trip hammer.
MS Many men seated outside next to a picket fence. Three men demonstrate their new lathe to Morris Troper.
The intertitles point out the modern features of the colony at Kadima. Men with crates of vegetables. LS Vegetable storehouse with roof sloping to the ground. LS Pan of long low dairy buildings and of livestock, people walking around cattle, horses at trough, CU of more cattle. MLS of horses and building.
LS of two-story houses at Kolkhoz (colony) October. Pan of grape vineyards in the Maifeld colony. CU of leaves and grapes. MCU Morris Troper with an older man who works with the grapes. Field of Agro-Joint experimental agricultural station. CU of some workers. LS poorly framed shot of new high school.
Intertitles provide information about the Sverdlov colony. MS of milling herd of cattle. EXT and INT of Sverdlov knitting factory. Note electrical lines outside. Sewing machines and men demonstrating work. One man holds a shawl (large light bulb in FG of shot).
Intertitles provide information. Very good CUs and pan of a group of men and women vineyard workers (former ghetto inhabitants). MS of men coming out of building at Voroshila. Young boy (visiting from Leningrad) poses for camera. Poultry farm house with chickens wandering about.
Electrical lines leading to an electrical water pump. LS of water pouring from a pipe. CU of pipe and water pouring into irrigation channel. Pan over cotton field, CU of cotton plants.
LS of hospital run by a German Jewish refugee doctor. An intertitle notes that over 112 refugee physicians were placed in Russia during 1935. MLS of electrical tractor being operated (devised by one of colonists). CU of Morris Troper talking to a man. More shots of the tractor at work.
Young men work with hammer and anvil at the industrial training school Jevrabmol Technicum. MS young man posing. Several young men working on truck wheels and tires. Great CUs of young boys and girls, some play trumpets and ham it up for camera. MLS of JDC inspection team and members of workshop staff standing in front of construction rubble. Quick CUs of the group.
Morris Troper and three officials talk at a cooperative for support of invalids where cloth is made out of rags. CU (dark) of students of wood-working factory and training school. Good shot of lumber yard of plant. MS of former peddler leading work horses, followed by good CU of him. Panoramic sunset.