Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Red and white patch stenciled Buchenwald worn by a Polish Jewish inmate

Object | Accession Number: 2014.461.2

Red and white prisoner patch stencilled Buchenwald worn by 31 year old Symcho Dymant while he was an inmate in Buchenwald concentration camp from December 24, 1944, to April 11, 1945. Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, and occupied Czestochowa where Symcho lived with his wife Tonia and 3 year old son Aaron. The family was forced to move into the ghetto after it was established in April 1941. In spring 1942, the Germans decided to destroy the ghetto and began large scale deportations. Symcho escaped, probably in September. He assumed the identity of a non-Jewish Polish person and, because he spoke German, was able to get a civilian job in a German military installation. In September 1942, Tonia, Aaron, and the rest of Symcho’s family were sent to Treblinka and killed. The SS discovered that Symcho was Jewish and he was deported to Buchenwald in Germany, arriving on December 24, 1944. He was assigned prisoner number 15349 and was a slave laborer in a nearby military factory. On April 11, 1945, Symcho was liberated by American forces. He lived in Fulda displaced persons camps before joining Kibbutz Buchenwald. The rabbi of the kibbutz arranged for the members to emigrate to Palestine in September 1945.

Date
approximately 1944 December 24-1945 April 11  (received)
Geography
use : Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
Language
German
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Badges
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dr. Jacob Dimant
Expand all
 
Record last modified: 2018-07-09 09:30:33
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn107222