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1918 bank note brought to the United States by a Jewish family fleeing Nazi Germany

Object | Accession Number: 2014.468.2

Banknote acquired by the Taubmann family, valued at 250 rubles. The note was issued between 1918 and 1920, by the government of the Don Cossack province in Russia, prior to the Bolshevik occupation. Between 1917 and 1922, Russia became embroiled in civil war, fought largely between the Bolshevik Red Army and the oppositional White Army. The area of Ukraine, including Kiev, became a heavily-contested area. During the war, these notes were accepted currency among allies of the White Russians. The war and widespread antisemitism caused many Jews to emigrate from Russia during this time. Benjamin Taubmann (1902-1971) was born in Kiev, Russia (now Kyïv, Ukraine) to Jewish parents. In April 1931, Benjamin was living in Berlin, Germany, when he married Helene Schneidmann (1907-1996), who was born in Tver, Russia, near Moscow. The year after Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany, Benjamin and Helene’s daughter, Natalie (b. 1934) was born. After enduring several years of increasing persecution against Jews in Germany, the family decided to emigrate. Benjamin preceded his family, arriving in New York City on June 9, 1939. Helene and Natalie followed that winter, and arrived on December 21. In April 1943, Benjamin and Helene had another child, Paul (b. 1943). All four members of the family eventually relocated to Rhode Island, where Natalie settled with her husband, Robert Tortolani, and raised a family.

issue:  1918 September 04-1920 January
issue: Rostov-na-Donu (Russia)
Exchange Media
1 folder
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Natalie Taubmann Tortolani
Record last modified: 2021-06-23 09:04:13
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