Waffen SS knife bayonet
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:00:33
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn1103
Also in Michael W. Barnes collection
The collection consists of a Waffen SS knife bayonet and a scrip receipt from Westerbork, Netherlands, transit camp used during World War II in Europe.
Westerbork voucher, value 10 cents, acquired by Michael W. Barnes. This scrip was issued in Westerbork transit camp beginning February 15, 1944. Inmates were not allowed to have currency, which was confiscated. The vouchers [gutschein] were distributed as an incentive for doing work. Netherlands was occupied by Germany in May 1940. The camp, in northeast Holland, was originally set up by the Dutch in 1939 to intern Jewish refugees. In July 1942, the German security police and the SS turned it into a transit camp to hold prisoners before deporting them to concentration camps in the east, where most perished. From July 1942 - September 3, 1944. nearly 200,000 Jews were deported from the camp. Most inmates had short stays at the camp. However, there were about 2000 longterm detainees who helped run the camp or were exempt from deportation. The vouchers were used with this population, most of whom were deported before the camp was liberated on April 12, 1945.