Red painted hand stamp with Geheim for Secret
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:23:19
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn11420
Also in This Collection
The Rudolf Abraham papers contain correspondence and other items related to Rudolf Abraham. A Jewish man from Germany, he was arrested and taken to Sachsenhausen before being freed and fleeing to Shanghai, where he eventually procured a visa to travel to the United States. Included in the collection are primarily correspondence from family and friends, as well as identification papers including a passport, identity cards, and citizenship certificate. The Rudolph Abraham papers contain primarily correspondence from family and friends to Rudolph Abraham and his wife, Maeta. The letters from family come from both Rudolph and Maeta’s parents, and Rudolph’s grandmother Johanna Kaufmann. Other letters come from friends living in Shanghai after Rudolph left, and some relate to a stamp collection that Rudolph was entrusted to sell. Additional items in the collection include various identification documents such as identity cards, passport, and a citizenship certificate. Also included are a Jewish calendar and two small notes.
Booklet filled with 216 canceled Republic of China postage stamps that belonged to Rudolf Abraham. After the Nazi regime took power in Germany in 1933, laws were passed to persecute the Jewish population. The family butcher shop struggled when Jewish businesses were boycotted and Jews were forbidden from practicing certain trades. Rudolf was arrested during Kristallnacht in November 1938. His family got him released in December, but he had to leave the country. Rudolf left for Shanghai, China, and in August 1940, he reached the United States.