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Wooden plaque with the Hashomer Hatzair emblem given to a US soldier

Object | Accession Number: 1996.38.1

Hand made wooden plaque given to Joe Friedman, a US Army officer and DP camp administrator, by an unknown DP camp resident in appreciation for Friedman's work in saving ca. 240 Jewish children at Kibbutz Nili, a DP camp located at the former Julius Streicher farm. It is carved with the Hashomer Hatzair logo, a wreath with a Star of David enclosing a fleur-de-lis. Hashomer Hatzair was a Zionist youth movement active in organizing unauthorized refugee travel across postwar Europe and illegal emigration to Palestine. Second Lt. Friedman deployed to Europe in 1944. He was attached to the Third Army and became a member of the 91st Evacuation Hospital. In early April 1945, Joe's company was the first to enter Ohrdruf concentration camp, the first camp discovered by US troops. Before the war ended on May 7, Joe volunteered for work in displaced persons camps, eventually becoming the head of Coburg DP camp. He was promoted to Captain and later sent to Ansbach where he was commissioned to oversee all DP camps and German repatriation in American-occupied Bavaria. Joe also worked with the Jewish underground, smuggling Eastern European Jews out of the Russian zone. In early 1946, Joe's activities with the underground were uncovered and he had to return to the US.

received:  1946
creation: Kibbutz Nili; Pleikersdorf (Germany)
received: Kibbutz Nili; Pleikersdorf (Germany)
Decorative Arts
Object Type
Wood-carving (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joe Friedman
Record last modified: 2022-09-07 18:07:30
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