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Brown enamel mug used by a Polish Jewish concentration camp prisoner

Object | Accession Number: 1996.5.1

Enamel-covered mug issued to Erich Sakofski (later Harvey Shreibman) while he was imprisoned at all three Auschwitz concentration camps between January 1943 and January 1945. Erich was living in Pruzana, Poland (now Pruz︠h︡any, Belarus), with his parents, Nachum and Rachel, and his older brother, Avrum, when Poland was invaded by Germany and the Soviet Union in September 1939. Pruzana came under Soviet control with authorities shuttering all Jewish institutions and quickly closing or nationalizing all businesses, including Nachum’s. On June 22, 1941, Germany invaded Soviet-occupied Poland, and by September, all Jews in Pruzana were living within a closed ghetto. In late January 1943, the Jews of Pruzana were deported for collaborating with partisans. Avrum hid during the deportation, hoping to join the resistance afterwards, but likely perished. Erich and his parents were transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center. Erich was selected for work details, while his parents were likely sent to the gas chambers. After six weeks in quarantine, Erich was transferred to the main Auschwitz camp and moved to Auschwitz-Monowitz (Buna) in March 1944. In January 1945, as Soviet forces advanced on the region, all Auschwitz camps were evacuated. Erich was deported to three concentration camps in Germany: Sachsenhausen, Flossenbürg, and Platting before being liberated by US forces during a forced march on May 2, 1945. Following the war, Erich lived at Weilheim and Prien am Chiemsee displaced persons (DP) camps in Germany. On December 14, 1947, Erich sailed to the United States aboard the SS Marine Tiger.

Date
issue:  after 1943 January-before 1945 February
Geography
issue: Auschwitz (Concentration camp); Oświęcim (Poland)
Classification
Household Utensils
Category
Drinking vessels
Object Type
Mugs (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Drinking Vessels.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Harvey Shreibman
 
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:10:53
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn11663