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Book

Publication | Accession Number: 1996.76.4

Illustrated poetry book used by 9 year old Jutta Grybski (Janet Beasley) in the Theresienstadt ghetto/labor camp. The book was found by Jutta in the ghetto. She had brought an identical copy of the book with her to the camp when she was deported from Berlin, but then lost it. The book she found may be the same one that she lost. She wrote a note inside the book recounting this history. The cover illustration features a young girl who looks like very much like a bisque Kewpie style doll, 1996.76.1, that Jutta also brought with her to Theresienstadt. Jutta had a Jewish mother, Kaethe, and a Catholic father, Hans, who divorced in late 1938 in Berlin, Germany. Hans enlisted in the German Army. His Aryan status and military service would protect Jutta and Kaethe from deportation, although their lives were restricted by anti-Jewish legislation. Jutta could not attend school or use public parks. Kaethe was forced to work in a commercial laundry. Jutta’s maternal grandparents Jakob and Bianka were deported to concentration camps in 1942 and 1943. After Hans was killed in battle on October 9, 1944, Kaethe and Jutta were arrested, and, on October 27, deported to Theresienstadt in the German protectorate of Czechoslovakia. Kaethe worked night shifts in a mica factory. They were given insufficient rations so Jutta stole extra food when she could. The camp was liberated on May 9, and they returned to Berlin in mid-June. Jutta’s maternal grandparents and uncle perished in the Holocaust. Jutta and Kaethe left for the United States in 1946.

Alternate Title
Bunte Luftballons
Date
publication/distribution:  1928
use:  1944-1945 May
Geography
publication: Berlin (Germany)
use: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Language
German
Category
Children's books
Object Type
Books (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Janet Beasley
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:28:42
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn11793