Record last modified: 2023-05-31 06:57:42
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn12308
Also in Forced labor and Nazi propaganda collection
The collection consists of artifacts related to the history and government of the Third Reich in Germany, 1933-1945.
Date: approximately 1935-1945
Forced labor badge, yellow with a purple P and a purple border, that would be worn to identify a Polish forced laborer in Nazi Germany. German regulations required the workers to wear the badge with the purple band visible around the P on the right chest to keep them separate from the German populace. During the German occupation of Poland, 1939-1945, many non-Jewish Polish people were sent to Germany as conscript labor for civilian labor details on farms and factories. Workers sometimes volunteered for the forced labor service, but the majority were forcibly recruited and conditions worsened as the war continued. The German work force was depleted by the war and unpaid foreign workers were needed to keep the economy functioning.
Souvenir postcard to promote Der Ewige Jude [The Eternal Jew], an anti-Jewish exhibition promoted by Nazi Germany. It was held in the Deutsches Museum Library in Munich, Germany, from November 8, 1937 - January 31, 1938; the Nordwestbahnhalle in Vienna, Austria, from August 2 - October 23, 1938; and in Berlin from November 12, 1938 - January 31, 1939.