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Pin with a cutout image of the Small Fortress gate at Terezin pinned to paper made by a camp inmate

Object | Accession Number: 1989.342.15.1-.2

Copper metal brooch pinned to paper with a sketch of the pin preserved by Jiri Lauscher. The pin was made at Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp and has a cutout design of the Small Fortress gate as seen from the east. Jiri was an inmate of Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp from December 1942 - May 1945. His woodworking skill got him assigned to the camp technical department. Jiri was from Prague which was invaded in March 1939 by Germany. Jiri was fired from his job because he was Jewish. In September 1941, Heydrich, the SS chief of Reich security, became Reich Protector and soon there were almost daily deportations of Jews to concentration camps. In December 1942, Jiri, wife Irma, and daughter Michaela, 5, were sent to Theresienstadt. Jiri became part of a closeknit group of artists at the camp. Irma taught Jewish traditions in the secret classes held for children. Around late October 1944, Jiri was waiting for the transport train to Auschwitz, when an SS guard asked for men to repair a roof. Jiri volunteered and the train, one of the last transports to Auschwitz, left before the roof was finished. The camp was taken over by the Red Cross on May 2, 1945. The war ended when Germany surrendered May 7. Jiri and his family returned to Prague in June. Most of their relatives were killed in German concentration camps.

Date
1943  (creation)
Geography
creation : Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Language
German
Classification
Jewelry
Category
Pins (Jewelry)
Object Type
Brooches (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jiri Lauscher in memory of his wife Irma Lauscher
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Record last modified: 2018-09-27 16:00:32
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn1260