Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Monaural wooden stethoscope used by a Jewish German refugee and US Army medic

Object | Accession Number: 2003.451.2

Wooden Pinard fetal stethoscope (or fetoscope) used by Dr. Bruno Lambert, who immigrated to the United States from Nazi Germany in 1938, and served in the United States Army Medical Corps during the war. The Pinard stethoscope was designed in 1895, and is an efficient, low-cost way to hear babies’ heartbeats while in utero. Bruno attended medical school in Germany from 1932-1937, but he was not allowed to receive a diploma as a Jew under the Nazi regime. He transferred to a university in Switzerland, and earned a Doctorate of Medicine in July 1938. With the help of Margaret Bergmann, Bruno immigrated to the US in August. Margaret was a Jewish athlete who was banned from competing in the Olympics by the Nazi authorities, and subsequently immigrated to the US. They had met at an athletic camp years prior and married after Bruno’s immigration. In the US, Bruno completed hospital internships and began practicing as a physician in New York City. In 1944, he became a naturalized citizen and a First Lieutenant in the Army Medical Corps. He deployed for France in October, and was awarded a Bronze Star for his war service. In the spring of 1945, Bruno spent a month and a half as a Medical Officer working with displaced persons (DPs) in Heidelberg, Germany. He returned to the United States in September 1945, and continued working in Army hospitals until the fall of 1946, when he retired from the military and entered private practice.

acquired:  after 1932
acquired: Europe
Tools and Equipment
Object Type
Stethoscopes (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Bruno Lambert
Record last modified: 2023-08-28 07:53:12
This page: