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Watercolor of 2 children in a city square by a Jewish Polish girl in hiding

Object | Accession Number: 1999.4.1

Colorful gouache of a young boy and girl on their way to school painted by Nelly Landau, 10, when she and her mother Rozia lived in hiding in German occupied Lwow, Poland, (now L'viv, Ukraine) from June 1943-July 1944. While in hiding, Nelly often watched the local children going to Catholic school. She was careful to hide behind the curtain, so she was not seen. Nelly dreamed of one day having friends and going to school. For thirteen months, Nelly and her mother had to stay in a small, locked hiding space. Her mother arranged for a neighbor to get Nelly a watercolor set and encouraged Nelly to paint and write. Nelly painted 64 paintings in hiding, all colorful pictures of happy people in imaginary scenes. Lwow was occupied by Germany on June 30, 1941, and thousands of Jews were murdered by German killing squads and local supporters. In November, Nelly, her parents Sygmunt and Rozia, and younger brother Janek were confined to the ghetto. Her father paid to hide Nelly with a peasant family, but they soon sent her back because it was too dangerous. During that time, her brother, 5, was killed during a children's round-up. Around June 1943, Sygmunt persuaded former tenants, a Christian Polish couple, Krysia and Michaj Wojtek, to hide Nelly and Rozia. The ghetto was liquidated that July. The city was liberated by the Soviet Army in July 1944. Sygmunt was presumed killed. Nelly and Rozia were the only survivors of their large extended family.

Artwork Title
Happy Summer Day - Going to School, Lwow 1944
Date
1944 January-1944 July  (creation)
Geography
creation : Lwow (Poland) (historic); Lviv (Ukraine)
Language
Polish
Classification
Art
Category
Children's art
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:06:11
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn13634