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Sketchbook created by young Jewish girl in Nazi-Occupied France

Object | Accession Number: 2001.121.1 g

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    Overview

    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Elizabeth Koenig
    Contributor
    Artist: Elizabeth Koenig
    Biography
    Elizabeth Koenig (1924-2003) was born Elizabeth Kaufmann in Vienna to journalist Fritz Kaufmann and nurse Helen (Berggruen) Kaufmann. Fritz was put on trial in Germany for his anti-Nazi work and fled to Paris via Prague before the Anschluss in 1938. After several failed attempts to join him, Elizabeth finally arrived in Paris in November with her mother and brother, Peter, and attended art school. Fritz and Peter were interned as enemy aliens following the outbreak of World War II. Helen and Elizabeth fled south with other refugees as the Germans advanced on Paris, but were separated en route. Elizabeth found her brother in Toulouse, was reunited with her mother in Pau, and then joined Fritz near Limoges. Elizabeth found work in Le Chambon-sur-Lignon caring for the children of Pastor André Trocmé and then helping Dr. Juliette Usach care for German Jewish refugee children at the Secours Suisse aux Enfants home, La Guespy. Varian Fry of the Emergency Rescue Committee offered Fritz a non-quota American visa as an endangered, anti-Nazi European refugee intellectual caught in Vichy France, and helped secure visas for his family. The family was reunited in Lyon, traveled to Portugal in December 1941 via Marseilles and Spain. They sailed from Lisbon to the United States, arriving in February 1942.

    Physical Details

    Classification
    Art
    Category
    Drawings
    Object Type
    Sketchbooks (aat)
    Physical Description
    multi-color view of people in yard; barbed wire and soldier with rifle and building in background; group of five people with back to viewer in foreground, left, man in blue has arm around neck of woman in red blouse, woman stands next to very tall man in glasses who looks down at her; three people foreground, right; people walk away from building
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 12.500 inches (31.75 cm) | Width: 9.500 inches (24.13 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, watercolor, graphite

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The sketchbook was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2001 by Elizabeth Koenig.
    Record last modified:
    2023-06-06 08:32:40
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn14084

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