Facsimile of the Israeli Declaration of Independence
New York (N.Y.)
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Facsimile of the Israeli Declaration of Independence, commissioned by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum for installation in the museum’s permanent exhibition. The facsimile was reproduced, with the State of Israel’s permission, from the original document, which is housed at the Israel State Archives in a custom-designed, silver storage case. The Declaration was proclaimed by the Va’ad Leumi (Jewish National Council or Jewish People’s Council) and was delivered by Zionist statesman David Ben-Gurion (1886-1973) on May 14, 1948, at the Tel Aviv Museum in Mandatory Palestine. The Council approved the Declaration, also known as the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel or the Proclamation of Independence, several hours before the British Mandate for Palestine (British control) was scheduled to expire. A limited number of people attended the event, selected members having been invited secretly the day before by the Provisional government. However, the delivery was broadcast live on the radio, and solidified as a momentous event in national memory. The first section of the Declaration summarizes the historical links between the Jewish people and the Land of Israel. The second asserts that the establishment of the State of Israel is based on the natural right of a people to exercise self-determination. The third formally proclaims the establishment of the State of Israel. The fourth establishes the timeline for the beginning of Independence, the creation of a constitution, and the election and operation of governmental bodies. The fifth declares the fundamental principles and guidelines of the Israeli state, which are based on justice, peace, equal rights, and freedom. The sixth calls for the cooperation of external and internal factors. The seventh bears the signatures of those who proclaimed the document. The United States recognized the new state on the night of May 14, while the Soviet Union recognized it three days later.
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:23:50
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