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Maria-Anita Menkes Gol Papers

Document | Not Digitized | Accession Number: 2016.116.1

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    Documents and correspondence illustrating the experiences of Maria-Anita Menkes (donor's mother) who was born in Vienna, Austria in 1919 and lived in Lvov, Poland [present day Ukraine]. Included are documents issued to Helena Babijczuk and used by Maria to obtain false documents in the name of Helena Babijczuk Keck, allowing her to pass as a Roman Catholic. Also included is post-war documentation illustrating her chronology during the war in Piaseczno and Lvov, Poland; her experiences and those of her mother, Stella Menkes, who was killed in the Katyn massacre in Poland in 1940; and the experiences of her brother, who was also on false papers under the name Stefan Keck, who was arrested and by the Nazis for resistance activity and executed on December 2, 1943 in Warsaw, Poland in retaliation for an unrelated November 26, 1943 attack on the Order Police in Warsaw.
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Justina Schwemberger

    Physical Details

    German Polish
    7 folders

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    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

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    Administrative Notes

    Donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by Justina Schwemberger.
    Record last modified:
    2023-12-01 15:02:58
    This page:

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