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Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto scrip, 1 mark note, found postwar

Object | Accession Number: 1986.33.1

Scrip, valued at 1 mark, distributed in Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto, and found at the site of Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in Czechoslovakia by Miriam Novitch after the war. The scrip was issued in the German-controlled Łódź ghetto from June of 1940 to its liquidation in the fall of 1944. The scrip was issued in denominations of: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 mark notes; 5, 10, and 20 mark coins; and 50 pfennig notes and 10 pfennig coins. Miriam Novitch was living in France, working in a factory and giving Russian and German language lessons when Germany invaded the country in May, 1941. During the occupation Miriam joined the Resistance. At first, she brought printed materials into Paris and handed them out for distribution in different parts of the city. Later, Miriam worked as an intelligence agent, gathering information from German soldiers that she went out with or gave language lessons to. She also rescued fellow Jews by obtaining fake papers for them and hiding them in resistance safe houses. On June 10, 1943, Miriam was arrested by the Gestapo after being betrayed by a friend. She was interrogated multiple times and spent two months in a prison cell before she was transferred to Vittel internment camp. She remained in Vittel until the end of the war. After the war Miriam traveled widely, gathering Holocaust related materials and testimonies. She was one of the founders of the Ghetto Fighters Museum at Kibbutz Lohamei Hageta'ot, and its first art curator.

found:  after 1945 May
issue:  1940 June-1944 August
issue: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Łódź (Poland)
acquired: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Miriam Novitch
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 17:44:44
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