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Political medal awarded for service in the partisan war and other military actions in Tito's army

Object | Accession Number: 1990.118.15

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    Political medal awarded for service in the partisan war and other military actions in Tito's army

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Political medal awarded for service in the partisan war and other military actions in Tito's army.
    Date
    approximately 1938-1945 April
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Jewish Community of Giessen
    Contributor
    Subject: Jakob Altaras
    Biography
    Jakob Altaras (1918-2001) was born in Split, Croatia and was the youngest of six sons of Leon Altaras. His medical studies in Zagreb were interrupted by the war, and he joined the Partisan resistance movement in Croatia. He saved Torah portions and other sacred objects from the Split Synagogue when it was set on fire; he smuggled a group of 33 Jewish children from Croatia to safety in Villa Emma near Modena, Italy; he illegally entered the Rab (Arbe) concentration camp to smuggled out photographs which were later used by the Commission for War Crimes in Yugoslavia; and he served as a surgeon in hospitals for Jewish partisans in Bari, Italy. After the war, he completed his medical studies and practiced and taught medicine in Zagreb. Altaras was politically persecuted and forced to leave Croatia in 1964 when he began investigating the 1945 death of his brother Silvio Altaras at the hands of the communist regime of Yugoslavia. He worked in Zurich, Switzerland for two years before settling in Giessen, Germany, where he served as the president of the Jewish Community of Giessen.

    Physical Details

    Classification
    Awards
    Category
    Medals
    Physical Description
    Five pointed red star with pin backing
    Dimensions
    overall: | Diameter: 1.500 inches (3.81 cm)
    Materials
    overall : metal, enamel paint

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The medal was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990 by the Jewish Community in Giessen.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-31 14:21:22
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn2548

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