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Antisemitic poster of a Jewish businessman plotting against Germany

Object | Accession Number: 1990.193.9

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    Antisemitic poster of a Jewish businessman plotting against Germany

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    Brief Narrative
    Anti-Jewish poster that was displayed in the Grand Anti-Masonic Exhibition in Belgrade, Yugoslavia (Serbia), from October 22, 1941, to January 19, 1942. It depicts a Jewish businessman engaged in a conspiracy with Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States to provoke war against Germany. The poster was printed in several languages and distributed in the occupied countries to promote the idea that Jews were manipulating the Allied Powers. See 2009.213.4 for a French version. The exhibit focused on the alleged Jewish-Communist-Masonic conspiracy to achieve world domination with the intent to increase hatred against outsider groups that opposed Nazi Germany. Yugoslavia had been invaded and dismembered by the Axis powers in April 1941. Germany annexed most of Slovenia and placed Serbia under military occupation. The exhibition was organized by the Serbian puppet government in collaboration with the German occupiers.
    Artwork Title
    Hinter den Feindmachten: der Jude
    Alternate Title
    Behind the Enemy: The Jew, Poster #46 of the Reich Propaganda Administration.
    publication/distribution:  1941
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Helmut Eschwege
    Hinter den Feindmächten: der Jude [Behind the Enemy: the Jew]
    Artist: Hamil

    Physical Details

    Physical Description
    Rectangular paper poster with the image of a sinister, Jewish businessman in a black suit, vest, and a bowler hat, wearing a gold chain with a Star of David, peering out from behind a curtain of translucent British, American, and Soviet flags. The title in German, done with large yellow brushstrokes, is near the bottom. The artist's name, Hamil, is printed in the rightt corner. See 2009.213.4 for a French version or 2016.184.337 for a Serbian version of this poster.
    overall: Height: 33.000 inches (83.82 cm) | Width: 23.375 inches (59.373 cm)
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The poster was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990 by Helmut Eschwege.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2024-04-29 07:56:21
    This page:

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