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Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 20 kronen note

Object | Accession Number: 1990.23.199

Theresienstadt scrip, valued at 20 (zwanzig) kronen, acquired by Flory Cohen Levi, who survived in hiding in her native Netherlands during the war. This type of scrip was distributed in Theresienstadt (Terezin) ghetto-labor camp from May 1943-April 1945 in German occupied Czechoslovakia. Flory met Felix Levi, a refugee from Hitler's Germany, in the mid-1930s. After Germany invaded Poland, Felix convinced Flora to flee. In November 1939, they sailed for South America aboard the SS Simon Bolivar, which was sunk by German mines. They were rescued by the British military and taken to a hospital in England. After recuperating for six months, they had to leave because Felix, a German, was considered an enemy alien. In May 1940, Germany invaded the Netherlands. Flora and Felix went into hiding in June 1942 in the home of Piet Brandsen, a resistance member. They married while in hiding. In September 1942, Flora's mother Alijda was deported to Auschwitz, where she was killed. After Piet was arrested in January 1944, they found refuge with Hank Hornsveld and family. The Netherlands was liberated in May 1945. The couple emigrated to America in 1948 on the SS Nieuw Amsterdam.

Date
1943 January 01  (issue)
Geography
issue : Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Language
German
Hebrew
Classification
Exchange Media
Category
Money
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Felix and Flory Van Beek and their Estate
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:25:56
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn3130