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Black velvet embroidered tefillin bag buried for safekeeping while owner in hiding

Object | Accession Number: 2007.471.2

Black velvet pouch used to hold his tefillin, prayer boxes worn by Jewish males during morning prayer services, buried for safekeeping with other religious items by Johanna Baruch Boas while she lived in hiding in Brussels, Belgium, from 1942-1944. It originally belonged to her husband, Bernhard, who died in Berlin, Germany, in 1932. She brought it with her when she fled Nazi Germany for Brussels in March 1939 with her daughter’s family. Germany occupied Belgium in May 1940 and soon there were frequent deportations of Jews to concentration camps. Johanna had a non-Jewish landlady who hid her in her attic. In December 1944, a few months after the liberation of Belgium, Johanna was reunited with her 11 year old niece, Beatrice Westheimer, who had been placed in hiding in a small country village. Her mother, Johanna's daughter, and her father, as well as a paternal uncle, had been killed at Auschwitz. Johanna and Beatrice joined family members in the United States in 1946.

Date
before 1932  (use)
after 1944 December  (recovered)
Geography
recovery : buried for safekeeping; Brussels (Belgium)
Classification
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Tefillin bags (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Beatrice Muchman
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:09:13
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn35046