Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Desecrated, broken tombstone with carved bookshelf from Turek Jewish cemetery

Object | Accession Number: 1990.292.7

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Desecrated, broken tombstone with carved bookshelf from Turek Jewish cemetery

    Please select from the following options:


    Brief Narrative
    Broken headstone carved with a bookshelf filled with books, indicating the final resting place of a scholar, recovered during a 1989 renovation of a building in Konin county, Poland. The tombstones, from the desecrated Turek Jewish cemetery, were broken and used as paving stones for the courtyard of the local headquarters for Organization Todt. This sandstone marker was mass produced in the late 19th century. Poland was invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany in September 1939. Hundreds of Jewish men from Turek were taken as forced laborers. By January, all Jewish property was confiscated and the remaining Jews were confined to a ghetto. The synagogue was set on fire and destroyed. In October 1941, the ghetto was liquidated and Turek was Judenfrei (free of Jews.) Organization Todt was in charge of road and large scale construction projects, such as factories and fortifications, for the German Reich. By the early 1940s, it controlled over a million workers, slave laborers, war prisoners, and camp inmates.
    creation:  approximately 1850-1899
    recovered:  1989
    use:  after 1939 September
    use: Jewish cemetery; Turek (Poland)
    use: Organization Todt local headquarters; Konin (Poland : Powiat)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Muzeum Okręgowe w Koninie

    Physical Details

    Jewish Art and Symbolism
    Physical Description
    Broken, rectangular gray sandstone grave marker carved with a raised frame with a triangular peak above a bookcase with open doors and 3 shelves of books, including one propped sideways between 2 volumes. On the right and left sides are vertical, rectangular panels with a Hebrew character, pen, on the right and nun, on the left, for po nikbar [Here Lies]. The background is smooth and recessed with leaflike embellishments. The top and sides are straight and intact; the bottom is broken off with a nearly straight edge.
    overall: Height: 15.250 inches (38.735 cm) | Width: 24.375 inches (61.913 cm) | Depth: 3.875 inches (9.843 cm)
    overall : sandstone
    front, left and right, carved : Hebrew [nun peh; po nikbar, Here Lies]

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The tombstone fragment was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990 by the Muzeum Okregowego W Koninie.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-10 13:52:47
    This page:

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us