Cobblestones from Chlodna Street, Warsaw
Chlodna Street, Getto warszawskie Warsaw ghetto;
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Warsaw City Authority
Granite cobblestones from Chlodna Street which was in the Warsaw Ghetto in Nazi occupied Poland. After Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, they segregated the Jewish population into ghettos administered by Jewish councils. The Warsaw ghetto was sealed on November 16, 1940. Nearly 500,000 people were forced into an area of 1.3 square miles. There was little food and the severe overcrowding and lack of sanitation spread disease quickly. By mid-1942, nearly 100,000 residents were dead from disease, exposure, and starvation. From July 22-September, 1942, the Germans sent over 265,000 residents to their death in Treblinka killing center; another 35,000 were murdered in the ghetto during deportation actions. In January 1943, SS and police units began another mass deportation. But the residents revolted and the Germans withdrew. On April 19, 1943, the Germans returned to liquidate the ghetto. When they entered the ghetto to organize deportations, the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, an organized resistance operation, began. The Uprising was crushed by May 16. The ghetto was destroyed and remaining residents were deported to concentration camps and killing centers.
Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:23:19
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn3514