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US Army 42nd Infantry Division shoulder sleeve patch with a red, yellow and blue rainbow

Object | Accession Number: 2004.749.35

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    US Army 42nd Infantry Division shoulder sleeve patch with a red, yellow and blue rainbow

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Shoulder sleeve insignia of the 42nd Infantry Division, United States Army, known as the Rainbow Division. The Unit was activated in 1917 and drew troops from 26 states, making it the most diverse Division and winning it the nickname Rainbow. The 42nd Division captured the German cities of Wurzburg, Schweinfurt, and Furth in April 1945, and then crossed into Bavaria, where it was one of three Army divisions to liberate Dachau concentration camp on April 29, 1945. The 42nd Infantry, 45th Infantry, and 20th Armored Divisions liberated more than 30,000 prisoners, but found many that were dying or had recently died from the terrible conditions, including more than 2000 corpses on a transport train outside the main gate. While US and Allied representatives treated the prisoners, the 42nd Infantry continued its march into Austria until Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945. The Unit then became part of the Army of Occupation until inactivation in Europe on June 19, 1946.
    Date
    unavailable: 
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    Classification
    Military Insignia
    Category
    Badges
    Physical Description
    Arched military patch machine embroidered on white netting. The arch has a light green embroidered border and a half rainbow covers the field. The rainbow has three different length bands of color, red on top, then yellow, and blue. There are loose threads on the front, but no obvious signs of use.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 3.125 inches (7.938 cm) | Width: 1.500 inches (3.81 cm)
    Materials
    overall : thread, net

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The badge was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 17:13:35
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn35197

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