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Manuel de L'Eclaireur

Object | Accession Number: 2008.142.3

Scouting manual used by Steven Simon when he was in the Eclaireuses Eclaireurs Israélites de France [Jewish Guides and Scouts of France], a Jewish scouting organization, in 1945-46. Steven and his parents, Arthur and Irma Simon, were Jewish German immigrants living in Paris, France, when it was occupied by Germany in 1940. They fled to the unoccupied southern region where they survived the war by adopting false identities. Scouting was very important for Steven as it eased his reintegration with postwar life after so many years spent living in hiding. They returned to Paris after liberation in 1944 and emigrated to the United States in 1947.

publication:  1944
use:  1945-1946
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Steven W. Simon
Record last modified: 2021-05-06 11:44:53
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