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Table knife with a swastika given to a Polish Jewish girl during forced labor farm service

Object | Accession Number: 1988.154.1

Dinner knife with an engraved swastika given to 25 year old Raszka Galek by Karl Beck, an SS officer, on whose farm she worked as a non-Jewish Polish forced labor from June 1943-April 1945 in Krummhardt, Germany. In November 1940, Raszka, her parents, Moshe and Fela, and her sisters Deana and Sala were confined to the Warsaw ghetto. In April 1943, Raszka’s parents were shot and her sisters were deported to a concentration camp. Raszka later escaped and went into hiding. She received false identity papers for a Polish Catholic named Maria Kowalczyk from the Polish underground. Jan Majewski, a resistance member, hid Raszka in his refugee camp for displaced Polish people. In June, she was sent to Karl Beck's farm in Krummhardt for forced labor. As Allied troops neared the area, Karl gave Raszka his SS uniform to burn. Raszka was liberated by US forces in April 1945 and moved to Stuttgart displaced persons (DP) camp. After her liberation in April, Raszka told the Beck family that she was Jewish and Karl gave her the knife as a memento. She began working as a liaison between DP camps and the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. She met and married Kurt Braunschweig, a UNRRA employee, and immigrated to the United States in 1947.

Date
manufacture:  1938
received:  1945 April
Geography
received: Krummhardt (Germany)
Classification
Household Utensils
Category
Flatware
Object Type
Table knives (aat)
Genre/Form
Religious articles.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Rose Brunswic, in memory of her parents Fela and Moshe Galek and in memory of Jan Majewski
 
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:51:20
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn369