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Envelope with a Waffen SS return address found by a Jewish chaplain postwar at Buchenwald

Object | Accession Number: 1990.301.1

Unused envelope stamped with a Waffen SS Konzentrationslager Buchenwald return address found by Rabbi Judah Nadich during a visit to the former Buchenwald concentration camp in 1945. Buchenwald was established in 1937 near Weimar, Germany, with 88 subcamps. It supplied forced labor for SS administered German Equipment Works, the camp stone quarry, and local munitions factories. The camp was liberated by US troops on April 11, 1945. Nadich was a Jewish chaplain in the US Army from 1942-1946. He arrived in Paris just after its liberation on August 24, 1944. In August 1945, Lt. Colonel Nadich, Senior Jewish Chaplain, European Theater, was stationed at Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Forces, as the first Advisor on Jewish Affairs to General Eisenhower. He was assigned to investigate the conditions of Jewish refugees at displaced persons camps in the American occupation zone in Germany. Nadich found the conditions horrifying with severe overcrowding, insufficient food, and barbed wire enclosed camps that residents were not permitted to leave. In addition to improvements in living conditions, Nadich also convinced Eisenhower to reconsider the Allied policy of sending refugees back to their native countries, explaining how unthinkable that was for survivors whose entire families had been murdered in those homelands.

Date
1945  (found)
Geography
found : Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
Language
German
Category
Stationery
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Judah Nadich
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:25:54
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn3692