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Sheet of three uncut, factory-printed Star of David badges printed with a J acquired by a Belgian Catholic rescuer

Object | Accession Number: 2007.14.6

Uncut set of factory-printed Star of David badges acquired by Jeanne Daman, following their issue by German authorities in occupied Belgium on May 27, 1942. Jeanne was a Roman Catholic kindergarten teacher living with her family in Brussels, Belgium, when Germany invaded in May 1940. Jeanne resigned from her position following the introduction of anti-Jewish curriculum. In late November 1941, authorities began banning Jewish children from classrooms, creating a need for Jewish schools. In 1942, Jeanne joined the staff of a Jewish kindergarten, Nos Petits, at Fela Perelman’s request. In summer 1942, authorities began deporting Belgian Jews to forced labor and concentration camps. As Jeanne saw children suddenly go absent from school or become orphaned due to deportations, she began finding them hiding places. Increased danger of deportation led to the school closing, and Jeanne and Fela focused their efforts on securing hiding places for all of the children at the school. Once they were all placed, Jeanne continued her rescue efforts by expanding her endeavors to include adults, as well as working closely with Jewish and Belgian resistance groups. Jeanne coordinated attacks on collaborators that had denounced CDJ activists to the Gestapo, and worked with the counter-occupation movement to secure a German weapons depot for their use. In February 1945, Belgium was liberated, and Germany surrendered in May 1945. After the war, Jeanne worked to reunite families, help care for camp survivors, and eventually raise funds for the United Jewish Appeal in the United States.

Date
issue:  1942 May 27
Geography
issue: Belgium
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Badges
Genre/Form
Magen David badges.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Aldo Scaglione
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:27:34
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn37013