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Glass kiddush cup with red and gold bands and the Hebrew word Shabbat saved from the Warsaw ghetto

Object | Accession Number: 2009.118.2

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    Glass kiddush cup with red and gold bands and the Hebrew word Shabbat saved from the Warsaw ghetto

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Glass kiddush cup with red painted leaves and Shabbat in gold letters that was used in the Warsaw ghetto from 1940-1945. It was given to Dr. Emanuel Stein in New York City by a patient who was a survivor of the ghetto and had no relatives. Dr. Stein and his family fled Krakow, Poland, following the invasion by Nazi Germany in September 1939. They managed to get to Mexico, via Lithuania, Russia, Japan, and Mexico, by the end of 1940. They eventually settled in New York where Dr. Stein had a medical practice from 1944 until his retirement in 1977.
    Date
    use:  1940-1945
    Geography
    use: Warsaw ghetto; Warsaw (Poland)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dan and Ruth Galai, Maya Galai, and Noya Galai
    Markings
    around the middle, printed in gold in center of a red band : Hebrew text [Shabbat]
    Contributor
    Subject: Emanuel Stein
    Biography
    Emanuel Stein was born in Krakow, Poland, on February 12, 1905. He received a PhD in Philosophy and a medical degree from Jagiellonian University in Krakow. He was practicing medicine in Krakow when Germany invaded Poland in 1939. His wife, Rose, her family, and his mother were able to relocate to the eastern part of Poland to be safe from the invasion. Dr. Stein left Krakow to join the Polish Army and eventually reunited with his family. Realizing that they needed to get out of Europe, they fled to Vilnius, Lithuania, in early 1940. They learned that the Dutch consulate was issuing visas to refugees, with no questions asked, for entry to Curacao in the Dutch West Indies. Lithuania was occupied by the Soviet Union in June 1940 and obtaining Soviet exit visas was difficult and expensive, requiring multiple interrogations and bribes. They left Vilnius in October 1940, and travelled to Japan via train. From there, they took a boat across the Pacific and arrived in Mexico in November 1940. While in Mexico, Dr. Stein and his wife had their first child on February 27,1942. They managed to obtain US visas and emigrated to New York in November 1942. By April 1944, Dr. Stein had his New York medical license. He set up his own medical practice which he conducted until retiring in September 1977. A second daughter was born in New York in 1947. Dr. Stein died on March 6, 1994.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Hebrew
    Classification
    Jewish Art and Symbolism
    Object Type
    Kiddush cups (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Clear, glass, flat bottomed circular glass with vertical sides decorated with a wide painted red band with gold Hebrew text inside around the center and a red painted leaf motif around the top and bottom.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 3.125 inches (7.938 cm) | Diameter: 2.250 inches (5.715 cm)
    Materials
    overall : glass, paint

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The kiddush cup was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2009 by Dan and Ruth Galai and Anna Kadish on behalf of Dr. Emanuel Stein, the father of Ruth Galai and Anna Kadish.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 21:51:05
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn37482

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