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Star of David badge with Jude given to German Jewish woman

Object | Accession Number: 2010.177.1

Used Star of David badge given to 18 year old Bettina Mayer in Deggendorf displaced persons camp in 1945 by another camp resident. It was worn by the unknown person in Cologne, Germany, and it was given to Bettina because she was originally from Cologne. Jews were ordered to were a Judenstern badge at all times to identify them as Jews. Bettina, her parents, Siegmund and Johannette, and her brother, Albert, were deported in 1941 from Cologne to the Riga ghetto in German occupied Latvia. In September 1943, they were deported to Kaiserwald concentration camp. Johannette died of starvation in May 1944 and Siegmund and Albert were killed that July. Bettina was deported to Stutthof in Poland and then to Sophienwald labor camp. In March 1945, she was on a death marches to Gothendorf, Germany, and then Chinow, when she was liberated by the Soviet Army on March 10. After the war, Bettina briefly stayed in Vienna and Bielefeld, Germany, before moving to Deggendorf.

received:  1945
use:  approximately 1942-approximately 1945
received: Deggendorf (Displaced persons camp); Deggendorf (Germany)
use: Cologne (Germany)
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Bettina Gruenbaum
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:18:58
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