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Sąd Okręgowy w Białymstoku (SOB), Sygn. GK 205

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2010.20 | RG Number: RG-15.164M

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    Contains selected files from trials in the District Court in Białystok from 1945 to 1969. These trials pertain to crimes committed against Jews and Poles during the German occupation. Trials were based on the Decree of August 31, 1944 (“Sierpniówka”), issued by the Polski Komitet Wyzwolenia Narodowego (PKWN), concerning the punishment of German criminals guilty of murders and persecution of civilians and prisoners of war, and the punishment of traitors to the Polish Nation. "Sierpniówka" was one of the world's first legislation on liability for war crimes committed during World War II. This decree also applied to soldiers of the Home Army (Armia Krajowa) whom the Communist propaganda in the 40’s and 50’s attempted to portray as German collaborators.
    Alternate Title
    District Court in Białystok (SOB)
    inclusive:  1945-1969
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Collection Creator
    Poland. S?d Okr?gowy w Bia?ymstoku

    Physical Details

    Polish German
    Reports. Registers.
    9,885 digital images : JPEG ; 39 GB.
    9 microfilm reels (digitized) ; 35 mm.
    System of Arrangement
    Organized by the court case numbers.

    Records are arranged in the original order of their acquisition from the source archive. The museum has acquired only selected records from Institute of National Remembrance (Instytut Pamięci Narodowej-Komisja Ścigania Zbrodni przeciwko Narodowi Polskiemu, or IPN). More information about this collection and other materials in the possession of the Institute of National Remembrance, including archival finding aids from the Archives of the Institute of National Remembrance, is available at the website:

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. Researchers must complete and sign a User Declaration form before access is granted to materials from the Institute of National Remembrance (Instytut Pamięci Narodowej).
    Conditions on Use
    1. Each researcher using the materials obtained from the Institute of National Remembrance (IPN) or materials whose originals belong to the IPN must complete the registration procedure required by USHMM.
    2. Publication or reproduction of documents (in the original language, in facsimile form or in the form of a translation of an excerpt or of the entire document) or making them available to a third party in any form requires the written consent of the Institute of National Remembrance ( The use of an excerpt defined as the fair use right to quote does not require obtaining consent.
    3. Researchers assume all responsibility for the use of materials that belong to the Institute of National Remembrance.
    4. References to documents that belong to the Institute of National Remembrance must cite the Institute of National Remembrance as the owner of the original documents and include the full reference citation of the Institute of National Remembrance in the citations.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Source of acquisition is the Institute of National Remembrance, Warsaw, Poland - Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation (IPN) Warsaw, Poland, Sygn. GK 205 (SOB). Records created by the District Court Bialystok during the trials held from 1945 to 1969. The court proceedings later became a part of the court’s archives. Records were transferred to the IPN and eventually became a part of the records group SOB.The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the filmed collection via the United States Holocaust Museum International Archives Project in February 2010.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 12:52:24
    This page:

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