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Erna Fridman manuscript, "The Long Way Home"

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2010.426

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    Erna Fridman manuscript, "The Long Way Home"

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    Erna Fridman’s manuscript "The Long Way Home" consists of an English translation prepared in 1995 of the original Polish memoir Erna composed following the Holocaust and her return home to Kraków in 1945. The translation is by her daughter, Pazit Gat, and also includes poems by Fridman and photocopies of family photographs and Fridman's visit to Kraków in 1993. Erna’s narrative describes her memories from before the war, the German occupation of Poland, and life in the Kraków ghetto. She describes the Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp, her impressions of Amon Göth, learning about Auschwitz from Hungarian prisoners, the May 1944 deportation of children to Auschwitz, and two friends who were included on Schindler's list. She describes her deportation to Auschwitz and the horrible conditions there, multiple death marches, including to Ravensbrück and Leipzig, and her return to Kraków with her mother following liberation. Fridman’s memoir was published in Polish and Hebrew.
    creation:  1995
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ester Erna Shpegtner Fridman
    Collection Creator
    Erna E. Fridman
    Erna Fridman was born Ester Shpegtner in 1929 in Kraków, Poland to Moshe (b. in Kraków) and Rachel Shpegtner (b. 1911 in Brzesko). Following the German invasion of Poland, she was excluded from school, taken to the German police for not wearing a Star of David patch even though she was only 10 years old, and helped clear snow in her father's place. Her family was forced into the Kraków ghetto where her father died in February 1942. Her younger sister Losha was deported in October 1942, and Erna and her mother were transferred to the Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp in March 1943 and then to Auschwitz in October 1944. In January 1945, Erna and her mother were forced on a death march to Ravensbrück and Leipzig and were liberated in April 1945. They returned to Kraków. Erna married Henek Fridman after the war, and the couple immigrated to Israel in 1948.
    This book is available in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Library under the title "Arukah ha-derekh ha-baitah-- / ארוכה הדרך הביתה-- /" (DS134.72.S566 A3 2000)

    Physical Details

    1 folder

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    The donor, source institution, or a third party has asserted copyright over some or all of these material(s). The Museum does not own the copyright for the material and does not have authority to authorize use. For permission, please contact the rights holder(s).

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    Administrative Notes

    Ester Erna Fridman donated this translation of her memoir to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum on April 1, 2005.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 17:50:32
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