- Brief Narrative
- Partial cement post with an embedded sign post from the 1866 Neue Synagoge [New Synagogue] in Berlin. Parts of the structure were rebuilt in 1988 and materials presumed to be original were preserved. This was originally named the Oranienburger Strasse Synagogue. It had seating for 3000 and was the largest in Germany. The synagogue was damaged by rioters during the Kristallnacht pogrom on November 9-10, 1938, but was still used by the dwindling Jewish community of Berlin in Nazi ruled Germany. In 1940, the German Army seized the building to use as a warehouse for uniforms. It was heavily damaged by Allied bombings in 1943. It was later further dismantled by the East German regime after the war. The synagogue has been partially restored and now serves as a monument and museum.
commemoration: 1990 December 06
Neue Synagoge (former Oranienburgerstrasse Synagogue);
Oranienburger Strasse (Berlin, Germany)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Stiftung Neue Synagoge Berlin - Centrum Judaicum
- Object Type
Concrete masonry (lcsh)
- Physical Description
- Cylindrical, gray cement block with intermixed pieces of red brick with a flat bottom and rough, uneven top. A U-squared metal sign post with circular screw holes is embedded into the block, near the center. The metal bends upward and extends about 7 inches above the block.
- overall: Height: 13.750 inches (34.925 cm) | Width: 11.000 inches (27.94 cm) | Depth: 11.250 inches (28.575 cm)
- overall : cement, clay, metal
Rights & Restrictions
- Conditions on Access
- No restrictions on access
- Conditions on Use
- No restrictions on use
Keywords & Subjects
- Topical Term
- Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Germany--Berlin. Jews--Germany--Berlin--History. Kristallnacht, 1938--Germany--Berlin. Synagogues--Germany--Berlin. Synagogues--Destruction and pillage--Germany--Berlin. Synagogues--Conservation and restoration--Germany--Berlin.
- Geographic Name
- Oranienburger Strasse (Berlin, Germany)--Synagogues.
- Corporate Name
- Neue Synagoge (Berlin, Germany)
- Legal Status
- Permanent Collection
- The cement block was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990 by Dr. Herman Simon on behalf of the Stiftung Neue Synagogue Berlin - Centrum Judaicum.
- Funding Note
- The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
- Record last modified:
- 2023-03-10 07:29:35
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