Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Medallion with Moses and the S'hma prayer found by a young Jewish woman on a camp transport

Object | Accession Number: 2009.359.3

Religious medallion with an image of Moses with the Ten Commandments found by Nina Kaleska on a concentration camp transport around 1944. It also has the beginning lines in Hebrew of the S’hma prayer, a foundational prayer of Judaism, recorded in Deuteronomy 6:4. In 1941, when she was 12, Nina was forced into the Jewish ghetto in Grodno, Poland, with her parents and older sister, Sala, who was 17. The girls evaded several evacuation transports from the ghetto, but on January 20, 1943, Nina and Sala were deported to Auschwitz. Her sister fell ill and died within a few months. Nina was in the camp for 2 years. Some time in 1944, she was moved to Ravensbrück and then to Retzow-am-Rechlin. Nina was liberated by the Russian Army on May 5, 1945, during a death march from Retzow. She settled in Prague for about a year until she immigrated to London in 1946. She joined her only known relative, an aunt, in the United States in 1950.

found:  1943-1945
found: concentration camp transport; Germany
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Religious medals
Object Type
Jewish medals (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Nina Kaleska
Record last modified: 2021-03-08 16:25:38
This page: