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Painting of a man in a fez done on pillowcase by Dutch Jew in hiding

Object | Accession Number: 2010.210.1

Painting and frame created by Dr. Samuel Vreedenburg in 1944 while he was living in hiding in the home of his former assistant and her husband, Janny and Willem Blom, in Amsterdam, Netherlands. It is a copy of Van Gogh’s The Zouave and was painted on a pillowcase with a frame made from crib slats. Germany occupied the Netherlands in May 1940 and, in 1942, Samuel and his wife Marianne sent their 9 year old son Max to live with their Christian housekeeper. That summer, the Germans began deporting Jews to concentration camps. In July, Janny and Willem visited the Vreedenburgs to encourage them to move into hiding in their home. After a large round-up of Jews in their neighborhood on July 14, Samuel and Marianne moved to the Blom's. Willem created an attic crawl space and obtained ration cards and false identity papers for the couple. They lived there until liberation by Canadian forces in May 1945. Max returned to Amsterdam and Samuel reestablished his dental practice. In 1983, Janny and Willem were recognized as Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem.

Artwork Title
Copy of Van Gogh's The Zouave
creation:  1944
creation: in hiding; Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Edgar and Sharon Blom
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:19:00
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