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World War I Iron Cross medal with striped ribbon awarded to a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2009.365.2 a-b

Iron Cross awarded to Max Wachtel for service in the German Army during World War I, 1914-1918. After four years of increasingly antisemitic Nazi rule, Max’s shoe factory in Erfurt, Germany, was confiscated in 1937 because he was Jewish. Max was able to get immigration visas for the United States, with the sponsorship of relatives in Ohio. On May 14, 1938, Max, his wife Erna, and children, Ursula and Hans, sailed from Hamburg to the US on the President Roosevelt. They arrived on May 21 and settled in Cincinnati.

commemoration:  1914-1918
emigration:  1938 May 14
issue: Germany
Military Insignia
Object Type
Medals, German (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Andrea K. Wolf and Thomas M. Wolf
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:25:36
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