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Copy of hand drawn map, Rainbow Division entry into Germany by division member

Object | Accession Number: 2010.130.1

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    Copy of hand drawn map, Rainbow Division entry into Germany by division member

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Illustrated map of the combat route of the 42nd Infantry Division, the Rainbow Division, given to Romeo Fagiolo, a soldier in the Division, not long after the war. It was created by R.E. Gustafson, a Division colonel. This map shows troop movements through the Hardt Mountains, across the French-German border, and through the Siegfried Line from March 15 to March 31, 1945. The division landed in France in December 1944, crossed the German border in March 1945, and liberated Dachau concentration camp on April 29, 1945. Romeo Fagiolo, age 22, was assigned to an anti-tank unit. He was one of the first soldiers to enter Dachau on the day of liberation. The next day, the division continued to Munich and, after the war ended on May 7, 1945, served as an occupying force in Austria. This map is part of a series with 2010.130.2, .3, and .4 illustrating the campaign from Wingen, France, to Austria, north of Salzburg.
    Artwork Title
    The Rainbow Trail, Part I: Advance of 42nd Infantry Division from the Hardt Mountains
    Date
    creation:  approximately 1948
    depiction:  1945 March 15-1945 March 31
    Geography
    depiction: Germany
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Romeo J. Fagiolo
    Markings
    front, top left corner, title, bold black ink : THE RAINBOW TRAIL
    front, lower left center, map legend, black ink : Advance of 42nd Inf. Div. from / the Hardt Mountains / March 15-March 31
    222 d Inf. Regt. (red line) / 232 d Inf. Regt (yellow line) / 242 d Inf. Regt. (blue line) /42 d Div. Cav. Rcn. Sqd. (green line) / Dotted lines indicated non-combatant moves / Scale-1:350.000
    front, lower right, small text, black ink : R.E. Gustafson
    Contributor
    Designer: R.E. Gustafson
    Subject: Romeo J. Fagiolo
    Biography
    Romeo Fagiolo was born on January 29, 1922, in Washington, DC, the only son of Italian immigrants who had met and married in the US. His father was in the insurance business and Romeo had one sister. He graduated high school in 1941 and was drafted into the United States Army in February 1943. He completed basic training at Fort Hood, Texas. Romeo was selected to participate in the Army Specialized Training Program (ASTP), at Texas A&M University, but it was disbanded after four months. He was reassigned to an anti-tank unit in the 42nd Infantry Division, the Rainbow Division. In November 1944, the division was deployed to Marseilles, France, and rushed to the front where they fought in the Battle of the Bulge at Bastogne. Romeo received a battlefield promotion from corporal to staff sergeant.

    Romeo and his division reached Dachau concentration camp on April 29, 1945. As he approached the camp gate, he passed dozens of railroad cars filled with corpses and surrounded by corpses. When he entered the camp, he saw the living dead. Romeo was one of the first infantry soldiers to enter the camp and he viewed the crematories and the bathing areas, where the filth and smell were intolerable. One of the division’s most difficult tasks was containing the prisoners who were mobile, as they were not allowed to leave the camp in order to prevent the spread of disease. Romeo left Dachau the next day as they were bringing in local townspeople to view the horrifying conditions. The Rainbow Division continued on to Munich, and then into Austria. When the Germans surrendered on May 7, 1945, the 42nd served as an occupying force in Austria through June 1946. At that point, it was deactivated and Romeo returned to the United States and resumed civilian life.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Classification
    Information Forms
    Category
    Maps
    Object Type
    Thematic maps (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Paper copy of a rectangular hand drawn map with a light brown background. The area of the advance is enclosed within 2 curved, bold black lines that begin in the lower left quarter, marked Wingen, France, and end in a point at Dahn, Germany; a blue line in the center marks the Rhine River. Along the advance lines are 2 colored division insignias with adjacent arrows pointing northeast: lower left is a red circle with a black border and lines, 71st Infantry Division; lower left is a yellow and blue circle with a green cactus, 103rd Infantry Division. There are color coded troop advance lines for 4 units. There are dates of engagements with numbers and text in black ink. The mountains are represented with circled, short brown lines; x’s and bars represent the Siegfried Line. A long red, yellow and blue dotted line goes from Dahn to Miltenberg. In the lower right corner is a rectangular map legend with black text on a white background. In the upper left corner is the title in black ink with the red, yellow, and blue rainbow insignia of the 42nd Division. The designer’s name is printed in the lower right corner in black ink. There is a border of 2 thin, black lines; the edges are irregularly cut.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 11.000 inches (27.94 cm) | Width: 17.620 inches (44.755 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The map was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Romeo J. Fagiolo.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 17:13:35
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn41444

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