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Kingmark silver and red enamel pin with chains on a pinbar commemorating the 70th birthday in 1940 of King Christian X of Denmark

Object | Accession Number: 2010.417.12

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    Kingmark silver and red enamel pin with chains on a pinbar commemorating the 70th birthday in 1940 of King Christian X of Denmark
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Commemorative sterling silver and red enamel woman's emblem pin with pinbar issued by the Georg Jensen Company to honor the 70th birthday of King Christian X of Denmark on August 21, 1940. Designed by Arno Malinowski, the pin features the King’s initials, the years 1870-1940, and the Danish flag. The German army occupied Denmark on April 9, 1940. Christian remained in Copenhagen and the Kingmark became a popular symbol of Danish independence, patriotism, and solidarity. Germany permitted the democratic government to retain control over domestic affairs until August 1943, when the growing resistance movement led Germany to institute martial law. Denmark was liberated by British forces on May 5, 1945. A second pin was issued for Christian’s 75th birthday in 1945. Over 1 million were produced until his death in 1947; production ceased at the request of his son, King Frederick IX.
    Date
    commemoration:  1940 September 26
    Geography
    creation: Copenhagen (Denmark)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jordan, Lorraine, and Rachel Cherrick, In honor of Fred and Kay Zeidman
    Markings
    front, center, engraved : X partially encircled by C
    front, lower left, engraved : 1870
    front, lower right, engraved : 1940
    reverse, lower left, Georg Jensen maker’s mark, engraved : G within J in a square
    reverse, lower right, silver hallmark, engraved : 925
    Contributor
    Manufacturer: Georg Jensen
    Designer: Arno Malinowski

    Physical Details

    Classification
    Jewelry
    Category
    Pins (Jewelry)
    Object Type
    Lapel pins (aat)
    Genre/Form
    Jewelry.
    Physical Description
    Cast sterling silver rectangular pin attached by 2 chains to a horizontal bar with a hinged straight pin and swivel safety catch. In the center is a silver shield with an engraved X within an engraved C over a silver cross with red enamel paint at the corners to represent the Danish flag. In the lower corner are casts of the dates 1870 and 1940. A cast of the Danish royal crown is attached to the top of the pin. On the reverse is a Georg Jensen maker’s mark and a silver hallmark.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 1.375 inches (3.493 cm) | Width: 0.875 inches (2.223 cm) | Depth: 0.250 inches (0.635 cm)
    Materials
    overall : sterling silver, enamel

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Copenhagen (Denmark)

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The Christian X commemorative pin was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Jordan, Lorraine, and Rachel Cherrick in honor of Fred and Kay Zeidman.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-29 12:53:30
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn42527

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