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Catholic prayer missal used by a US Army medic while a slave labor camp POW

Publication | Accession Number: 2010.440.4

Catholic prayer book used by 20 year old Anthony Acevedo when he was a US Army medic and a German prisoner of war in the Berga an der Elster slave labor camp from December 1944-April 1945. Tony was a Mexican American and Catholic who enlisted in the US Army in 1943. He served as a medic in Company B, 275th regiment, 70th Infantry Division. In January 1945, the company surrendered to the German Army during the Battle of the Bulge. They were sent to a prisoner of war camp, Stalag IX-B, in Bad Orb, Germany, where Tony was tortured during interrogation. In February, he was transferred, along with 350 fellow soldiers, either Jewish or considered undesirables, to Berga, a subcamp of Buchenwald. Berga was a slave labor camp where prisoners labored in underground tunnels and mines. Tony worked as a medic and was able to hide a diary where, out of duty and to honor to his fellow soldiers, he recorded the names and deaths of the many who died there. On April 3, as Allied forces neared, the prisoners were ordered on a death march. On April 23, they were liberated by the 11th Armored Division. Before being discharged, the roughly 160 survivors of Berga were forced by the US Army to sign an affidavit promising not to speak about their experiences in Berga. Tony was sent to California to recuperate and discharged in December 1945. In 2009, the US Army finally admitted that US soldiers had been imprisoned in a German slave labor camp.

Title
My Military Missal: with masses from abridged, authorized "Missale Castrense" used by chaplains in all branches of the armed forces ; also manual of prayers
Date
1942  (publication/distribution)
Geography
publication : Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)
Language
English
Latin
Object Type
Missals (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Anthony Acevedo
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Record last modified: 2017-09-12 12:39:28
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn42603