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Medallion for the 65th anniversary of the liberation of Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora concentration camps received by a former child inmate

Object | Accession Number: 2010.453.2

Commemorative Meissen white porcelain medallion received by Steven Fenves, who was a 13 year old inmate of Buchenwald concentration camp when it was liberated by US troops on April 11, 1945. The medallion was issued in 2010 for the 65th anniversary of the liberation of Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora concentration camps. Steven and his family were deported from Yugoslavia after the invasion by Nazi Germany in March 1944. His father, Lajos, was deported in April to Auschwitz; Steven, his mother, Klari, his 15 year old sister, Estera, and his maternal grandmother were deported in June to Auschwitz-Birkenau. His mother and grandmother were gassed upon arrival. Steven was used by the camp kapos as an interpreter. In October, as conditions worsened, the kapos smuggled him onto a transport to Niederorschel where he was a slave laborer in an aircraft factory. On April 1, 1945, inmates went on a death march to Buchenwald. After liberation, Steven returned to Subotica. He was reunited with his sister and his father, who died in February 1946, from the effects of his forced servitude in the Silesian coal mines. Steven and Estera came to the US in 1950, with the assistance of the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society.

Date
2010 April 11  (commemoration)
Geography
manufacture : Meissen (Saxony, Germany)
issue : Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
Language
English
German
Classification
Decorative Arts
Category
Ceramics
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Steven Fenves
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Record last modified: 2018-11-20 06:15:20
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn42927