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Yellow cloth Star of David badge with Juif for Jew worn by a Polish refugee in Paris

Object | Accession Number: 2005.602.3

Star of David badge worn by 25 year old Raisa Steinberg Feld in Paris, France, from June 1942. Jews in France were required to wear these on their outer clothing at all times after May 1942; badges were often cut from a pre-printed roll. After Paris was occupied by Germany in May 1940, foreign Jews were in danger of arrest and imprisonment. Raisa and her husband, Max, both deaf, were Jewish refugees from Poland and Germany. In May 1941, Max was arrested and, in July 1942, deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. Raisa went into hiding with their 1.5 year old daughter, Esther, her sister, and her mother in the countryside outside Paris. They returned to Paris several months after it was liberated by Allied Forces on August 15, 1944. Max was reported as missing. Several years later, Raisa learned that Max had been killed in Auschwitz-Birkenau in September 1942.

use:  1942 May-1944
use: Paris (France)
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Esther Feld Weisel
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:26:30
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