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Vogel and Baer family correspondence

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2011.140.1

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    Vogel and Baer family correspondence
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    Overview

    Description
    The Vogel and Baer family consists of Berta (Bertha) Baer Vogel of Untergrombach, Germany, her ex-husband Albert Vogel, their children, Inga and Ellen, and extended family. The daughter of a Jewish ironmonger, Berta lived in Karlsruhe, Germany with her family until her and Albert separated in 1930 and she immigrated to Basel, Switzerland. The Vogel and Baer family correspondence comprises letters primarily from Inga, who was a student in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to her Berta, Ellen, and her grandparents in Basel, Switzerland between 1938 and 1941. The letters detail her studies, life in the United States, and marriage. Letters between other family members and friends are also comprised in this collection.

    The Vogel and Baer family correspondence comprises letters between members of the Baer and Vogel family, primarily from Inga in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to her mother, sister, and grandparents in Basel, Switzerland. The vast majority of this correspondence is written by Inga to her family in Europe between 1938 and 1941 regarding her studies at Carnegie Mellon, life in the United States, and later, her marriage to Jules Avins. Among her letters is a newspaper clipping depicting her and another Carnegie Tech student from California having Christmas dinner at a professor’s house. Also included in this collection is a smaller number of letters written by Berta to Inga and other family. Correspondence between Hellen and Inga and a number of letters from an unidentified person by the name of Peter is comprised in this collection as well. Many of the letters discuss immigration matters and steps to procure papers for Berta, Hellen, and Karoline to leave Switzerland, as they were trying to flee the country at this time.
    Date
    inclusive:  1938-1941
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Lutzer family
    Collection Creator
    Vogel Family
    Baer Family
    Biography
    The Vogel and Baer family consists of Berta (Bertha) Baer Vogel, her ex-husband Albert Vogel, their children, Inga and Ellen, and Berta’s extended family. Born in Untergrombach, Germany to Berthold and Karoline Baer, Berta was the middle of three children. Her grandfather, Machol Baer, an ironmonger, founded an iron and metal wholesale company called Gebrüder Baer, which provided the family a great source of wealth. In 1920, Berta married Albert Vogel, a World War I veteran of Mainz, Germany at the registry office in Karlsruhe. A year later, the couple had their first daughter, Inga. Albert worked in the iron and metal sales business, at one point working closely with Berta’s younger brother, Sigmund as a partner at Gebrüder Baer. In 1926, Berta and Albert had a second daughter, Ellen, and four years later in 1930, the couple separated quoting an “irreparable break in the marriage.” In 1933 Berta immigrated to Basel, Switzerland with her parents and daughters. Inga went on to immigrate to the United States to study at the Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon University) in 1937. During this time, Berthold had become ill, which prevented the rest of the family from immigrating. Berthold died in 1937 and the family remained in Switzerland until 1941 when Sigmund, who was working in the iron industry in France under an alias, paid their immigration fees, allowing them to leave Switzerland for the United States. Albert, meanwhile, remained in Germany and could not find work after 1935 due to the increasing anti-Sematic practices at the time. Shortly after Kristallnacht, in 1938, Albert was deported to Dachau. In October 1940, he was deported to Gurs and in 1942, transfer to Drancy for a period of four days before being sent to Auschwitz, where he is presumed to have perished.
    The Vogel and Baer family consists of Berta (Bertha) Baer Vogel, her ex-husband Albert Vogel, their children, Inga and Ellen, and Berta’s extended family. Born in Untergrombach, Germany to Berthold and Karoline Baer, Berta was the middle of three children. Her grandfather, Machol Baer, an ironmonger, founded an iron and metal wholesale company called Gebrüder Baer, which provided the family a great source of wealth. In 1920, Berta married Albert Vogel, a World War I veteran of Mainz, Germany at the registry office in Karlsruhe. A year later, the couple had their first daughter, Inga. Albert worked in the iron and metal sales business, at one point working closely with Berta’s younger brother, Sigmund as a partner at Gebrüder Baer. In 1926, Berta and Albert had a second daughter, Ellen, and four years later in 1930, the couple separated quoting an “irreparable break in the marriage.” In 1933 Berta immigrated to Basel, Switzerland with her parents and daughters. Inga went on to immigrate to the United States to study at the Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon University) in 1937. During this time, Berthold had become ill, which prevented the rest of the family from immigrating. Berthold died in 1937 and the family remained in Switzerland until 1941 when Sigmund, who was working in the iron industry in France under an alias, paid their immigration fees, allowing them to escape. Albert, meanwhile, remained in Germany and could not find work after 1935 due to the increasing anti-Sematic practices at the time. Shortly after Kristallnacht, Albert was deported to Dachau. In October 1940, he was deported to Gurs and in 1942, transfer to Drancy for a period of four days before being sent to Auschwitz, where he is presumed to have perished.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German German English
    Extent
    1 box
    System of Arrangement
    The Vogel and Baer family correspondence is arranged as a single series.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The collection was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2011 by David and Steven Lutzer.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-05-30 10:26:56
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn43015