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Saxophone, case and accessories used by a Polish Jewish musician in a band that toured DP camps

Object | Accession Number: 2010.472.3 a-ah

Saxophone, case, and parts acquired and used by Henry Baigelman after the war. Henry was a professional musician in Łódź when Germany occupied Poland on September 1, 1939. He and his family were imprisoned in the Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto where he and his brother David performed with the orchestra. On June 10, 1944, Himmler ordered the ghetto destroyed, David hid the family instruments. On August 4, 1944, the family was deported to Auschwitz where they were separated. Henry was transferred to Kaltwasser, Flossenberg, and Altenhammer concentration camps. In Altenhammer, the camp supervisor had a violin; Henry played for him and received extra rations. On April 20, 1945, the prisoners were sent on a forced march and liberated on April 23 by the US Army. Henry traveled to Cham, Germany, where he organized a band, The Happy Boys, that performed in displaced persons camps. Two of the violins that were hidden in the ghetto were recovered by Henry's brother-in-law after the city was liberated by the Soviets in January 1945. See records 2010.472.1 and 2010.472.2; one was played by Henry in the ghetto; the other originally belonged to Henry's cousin. Henry and 2 nephews were the only family members who survived the Holocaust. Henry married and emigrated to the United States in 1949.

use:  after 1945 May
use: displaced persons camps; Germany
Object Type
Saxophone (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Estate of Henry Baigelman
Record last modified: 2022-06-28 15:29:25
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