Beate and Ernest Oppenheimer papers
Documents, artifacts, photos and correspondence illustrating the experiences of Beate Ada Oppenheimer neé Oppenheimer and husband Ernest Oppenheimer both German Jews who fled Nazi-occupation and immigrated to the United States prior to their meeting and marriage. Included in the collection are objects that also document the extended families’ experiences, such as letters from Ernst’s father and step-mother who both perished as well as documentation of Ada’s parents who were interned in the Theresienstadt concentration camp in the Czechoslovakia and released to Switzerland before the end of World War II.
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Carol Oppenheimer Wolinsky
Record last modified: 2020-10-06 10:52:01
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn43213
Also in Beate and Ernest Oppenheimer family collection
The collection consists of a Star of David badge, correspondence, documents, oral testimonies, and photographs relating to the experiences of Beate Ada Oppenheimer in Lauenforde, Germany, and the United States and Ernest Oppenheimer in Mannheim, Germany, and the United States and of members of their extended families who escaped Germany or were imprisoned in concentration camps during the Holocaust.
Star of David badge that belonged to Beate Ada or Ernest Oppenheimer. Beate and Ernest emigrated separately from Germany to the United States in 1938-1939. The badge was worn by a family member who stayed in Germany. In September 1941, the Nazi government ordered all Jews over the age of six to wear a Judenstern [Jewish star] badge on their outer clothing at all times. Official persecution of the Jews following Hitler’s rise to power in 1933 made life extremely difficult. Ernest, who lived in Mannheim, was arrested with his father during the Kristallnacht pogrom on November 9-10, 1938. They were sent to Buchenwald concentration camp and later released. Twenty-seven year old Ernest left for the United States in 1939. His parents, Moritz and Margaret, were killed in Auschwitz in 1942, but his three siblings survived the war. Beate was from Lauenforde and she left for the United States in 1938. Her parents, Emma and Sali, were deported to Theresienstadt concentration camp, but were released to Switzerland in exchange for American currency.