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Two Hitler Youth filmstrips with one canister and lid found by a US soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2007.518.7 a-c

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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Two filmstrips produced to train and indoctrinate Hitler Youth members found by 25 year old Lieutenant Bernard M. Fishman in a German Army Engineers Officers Club in Ulm, Germany, circa May 1945. The Propaganda Office of the Reich Youth Leadership produced a series of 35mm filmstrips in the late 1930s for distribution to Hitler Youth chapters. They were shown at gatherings and used to recruit members and disseminate the teachings of the Nazi Party. On December 1, 1936, the Reich Youth Leadership, under Baldur von Schirach, became an autonomous organization accountable only to Hitler. Membership in the Hitler Youth became mandatory on March 25, 1939. Fishman enlisted in the United States Army in March 1942 and was assigned to the Warrant Officer's Corps.
    Title
    Grenzlandschicksal an der Memel [Borderland Fate of the Memel]
    Alternate Title
    Maden im Osteinsatz [Maggots in the Eastern Front]
    Series Title
    Bildband fur die Schulung in der HJ [Filmstrip for Training in the Hitler Youth]
    Date
    manufacture:  approximately 1936-approximately 1940
    found:  approximately 1945 May
    Geography
    creation: Berlin (Germany)
    found: German Army Engineer's Officer Club; Ulm (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Bernard M. Fishman
    Markings
    c. top, black ink : Bildband für die Schulung in der HJ. [Filmstrip for Training in the Hitler Youth]
    Contributor
    Subject: Bernard M. Fishman
    Producer: Reichsjugendfuhrung Presse- und Propagandaamt
    Biography
    Bernard M. Fishman was born on May 18, 1920, in Pennsylvania, to Jewish parents, Frank and Jennie Gordon Fishman. He had a younger sister, Elaine. He grew up in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His father owned a dress factory where Bernard worked. He enlisted in the United States Army on March 21, 1942 and was assigned to the Warrant Officer Corps. He was deployed to the European Theater and was stationed in May 1945 in Ulm, Germany. He attained the rank of Lieutenant. Bernard married Mollie Moshen and the couple had two children. He passed away, age 87, on May 12, 2008.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Object Type
    Filmstrips (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    a. Rolled 35mm filmstrip, Grenzlandschicksal an der Memel, with 34 black and white transparencies.
    b. Short, gray cardboard tube open at the top with a brown cardboard sleeve inside. The sides curve under at the bottom edge to secure a white round bottom cardboard insert.
    c. Circular gray cardboard lid with top edges folded over to secure lid. The Hitler Youth emblem, a swastika within a red and white diamond, and German text around the edge are printed around the top.
    Per the Photo negatives re-housing project, there is a third filmstrip connected to this record, referred to as e. for cataloging purposes only:
    d. Rolled 35mm filmstrip, Maden im Osteinsatz, with 41 black and white transparencies.
    Dimensions
    a: Height: 1.625 inches (4.128 cm) | Diameter: 1.375 inches (3.493 cm)
    b: Height: 1.750 inches (4.445 cm) | Diameter: 1.625 inches (4.128 cm)
    c: Height: 0.750 inches (1.905 cm) | Diameter: 1.625 inches (4.128 cm)
    d: Height: 1.625 inches (4.128 cm) | Diameter: 1.375 inches (3.493 cm)
    Materials
    a : cellulose acetate, emulsion
    b : cardboard, paper, ink
    c : cardboard, ink, adhesive
    d : cellulose acetate, emulsion
    Inscription
    c. on attached label, black ink : Memel G20

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Corporate Name
    Hitler Youth

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The filmstrip was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2007 by Bernard Fishman.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 09:42:26
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn43248

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