Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Red wooden tie rack made by a Dutch Jew while living in hiding

Object | Accession Number: 2010.488.5

Small wooden tie rack constructed by Michel Nathans while he lived in hiding in the home of Aaltje and Paul Paulus in Ermelo, Netherlands, from October 1942-April 1945. The tie racks he made were then sold by Paul. In 1942, after nearly two years of occupation by the Germans, deportations were becoming frequent. Michel and Saartje decided to send their two year old daughter, Anita, to live with a non-Jewish family in the countryside. That October, they left Amsterdam and were offered a hiding place with the Paulus family. They lived all day in a small attic bedroom; Paul built a hidden compartment in the room when the Germans intensified their searches for hidden Jews. Paul built three other hiding spaces: a dugout under the kitchen floor, and two deep holes outside in the nearby woods. Paul played a leadership role in the resistance in the area and the hiding spaces were used often. On April 18, 1945, Ermelo was liberated by British, Irish, and Canadian forces. Saartje and Michel reunited with Anita and returned to Amsterdam.

creation:  1942 October-1945 April 18
creation: Ermelo (Netherlands)
Furnishings and Furniture
Storage racks
Object Type
Tie racks (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the family of Alice and Paul Paulus
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 21:51:11
This page: