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Oral history interview with Boris Nemko

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.294 | RG Number: RG-50.678.0001

Boris Nemko discusses his experience in the Vilna ghetto (Vilnius, Lithuania); daily life in the ghetto and his ability to travel in and out of the ghetto on work detail; the harsh treatment of Jews in the ghetto by the Lithuanian and Jewish police; being interrogated and severely beaten by the Gestapo after he was caught outside the ghetto; how residents of the ghetto were sent to Ponary, where they were executed; the liquidation of the Vilna ghetto; being sent on a transport to the Vaivara concentration camp in Estonia; his life in the work camp; his transfer to another camp in Estonia; selections and the building of a crematorium; his and others’ escape attempts during forced labor; treatment by Estonian guards; how, using his tools as a shoemaker, he escaped with 21 other prisoners; hardships faced while hiding in the woods; help and lack of help he received from village residents; his liberation by the Russian Army; his return to Vilna; going to Poland where he found devastation; discovering that no none from his family survived the war; the murder of Jews by Polish citizens after the war; clandestinely entering Germany; and immigrating to the United States.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Nemko, Boris
2 sound cassettes (60 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Marty Nemko
Record last modified: 2022-06-23 10:02:25
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